History Of Bihar From Chirand To Nalanda University

History Of Bihar is a wide range of research and understanding, you will know all the history through series of article, let’s understand part one of History Of Bihar.

The characteristics of Bihar which exist in the form of a series of letters from ancient times to the present. The ancient humans who are still giving the original evidence.

Remains of Neolithic era civilization of about 2000 years before Christ were found at a place called Chirand, 11 kilometers away from Chhapra city on the northern bank of the Ganges, about 55 years ago.

Although, the remains of civilizations have been found on the banks of other rivers too, but the specialty of this place is not even found in the remains of the civilization found at a place called Burzhahome in Kashmir about 1000 years ago, nowhere else in the whole of India.

The reason for the arrival of the primitive man at such a place was the good farm soil i.e. Alufiyam, which is still 100 feet deep.

The primitive man who lived a hunting-based life came here and started farming, the foundation of agriculture in India was first laid in this soil and the primitive man settled down here.

Chirand is the oldest and largest seal characteristic of the Gangetic region of Bihar.

Chirand an archaeology site of India
Chirand excavation site

The proofs of this state’s specialty related to feelings and thoughts are found in the field of religion, here different religions and beliefs were born, flourished and reached the peak.

Vedic period city of Bihar on the banks of Antah Salila(अन्तः सलिला) Falgu Bodh Gaya The original pilgrimage of Sanatan Panthi Hindus, i.e. Bodhgaya.

“All the pilgrimages in India have been said to be the soul of all the pilgrimages, therefore it has been said that you go to any pilgrimage place, you yourself get the result of whatever donation you make and Gaya ji. Whatever you donate or donate water or touch the feet of God, your mind becomes pure and your dead ancestors get salvation. “

According to a priest of Bodh Gaya

In the whole country, only Gaya has a system for salvation of the souls of dead ancestors.


Magadha gave a different way of salvation, by giving birth in its place, by giving only knowledge, by making Janeshwar,nirvanaBy giving it to Mahavir Swami.

Paying obeisance to this soil which gives supreme knowledge, the devotees raised so many particles of faith that it became a pond, called Jal Mandir.

The message of non-violence that was spread all over the world first started from the time of Mahavir or from the time of Jainism, Parasnath was before that Adinath ji, according to the Jain tradition, the holy sermon of God’s non-violence supreme religion was given in this Magadha.

According to Umakant Upadhyay, a priest at the Jal Mandir

Bihar has got this pride and it was on this land that Lord Mahavir Swami was also born, Nirvana was also attained in this Bihar, so even today the devotees keep the soil here and get it from their relatives. Are.

Whoever comes here to the water temple, we definitely give the soil here and they take it to their homes for auspicious welfare.

Nalanda University
Remains of Nalanda University

Bodh Gaya

Kept knowledge like a lotus in a pond at one place, and gave it in the form of cool shade of Peepal at another place, gave Buddhahood to the wandering Siddhartha, on the banks of Niranjana.

The knowledge of Nirvana is as advanced as the lamp of the sky even today, that is the Mahabodhi Temple.

Women and men, two laws of nature complement each other, in which nature does not make any distinction, in humans, women were first made weak and then for the last few decades, the hobby of making them strong is going on.

Worldwide struggle for women’s empowerment, Women got the eternal right of religious participation in every form first in Bihar.

During the Treta period, in the absence of her husband, Sita performed the shraadh of her father-in-law Dasharatha, a ritual which is still forbidden for Hindu women to do without a husband.

Buddha had to open the door of Buddhism to the nuns after being unanswered by Amrapali, a city bride’s question, Princess Chandanbala became the first female disciple of Jineshwar Mahavira by her unprecedented sacrifice.

Mahavir had 16 disciples.

Talking about women empowerment, it was envisaged in Bihar two and a half thousand years ago, because apart from those who became monks in the Sangh of Lord Mahavir Swamiji, he also created sadhvis, in whom the first disciple was a Chandanbala woman.

By doing this, 16 Sadhvis, at that time were known as 16 Sati ji.

So in that time the women who were sadhvis used to go everywhere, to every different village and give awareness to the people and make women aware.

In the time of both Buddha and Mahavir, there was talk of sacrifice, so women also showed sacrifice.

Mahavir included women in his Sangh, that’s why women get that high position.

Sita , Chandanbala, Amrapali and many like them, today’s worldwide struggle for women empowermentbut what would you say।  

A state in Eastern India adopted foreign religion equally.  Imam Taj Baqi came to Maner near Patna in 1180 before Jerusalem, he Here lived and got Sharif status.

Sharif is only 3 in the whole country.

Padri ki Haveli, the oldest church of Christian Roman sect in Patna Sahib 18th centennial.

Apart from the field of religion, if we look at the field of education, there is evidence that Bihar is the land that gives birth and fertility to high-quality research and knowledge. 

Nalanda University

There was emphasis on cultured education here.

Students came from many countries. The library Ratna-Sagar, Ratnoraddhi And Ratna-Ranjak here was equal to the height of a 9-storey building.

From America’s most prestigious IVY League on the ratio of teachers and fields The institute insists a better ratio than that was in Nalanda University in the fifth century.

Here, There were about two thousand teachers to give education to 10000 students.

More than 100 teachers used to teach 1000 students in Vikramshila University.

In 1193 Ottoman invaders Bakhtiyar Khilji demolished these two universities, lit a fire whose smoke been up for 9 months.

 Khilji has destroyed University buildings and texts but Khilji did not see and could not understand that the same earth which gave birth to Nalanda and Vikramshila, absorbed the knowledge here, and spread in Aryavarta and outside.

From here Academics laid the foundation of Buddhism in Tibet.

The earth here kept the knowledge and let the building go. there is an immortal soul no body, Knowledge is still immortal, is still being distributed here. 

People coming from all over the world know these archaeological remains, but looking at them from another point of view, they understand the same that Nalanda and Vikramshila still standing today, no one can finish them and they could remain forever.

Forever and ever, Time put Bakhtiyar Khilji in the list of infamous criminals.


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